Special evaluation of labor conditions is a series of actions aimed at identification of potentially harmful and (or) hazardous factors of production environment and labor process; the assessment of exposure level of hazard.

Federal Law №426 stipulates the implementation of a unified procedure of objective identification and assessment of harmful and (or) dangerous conditions at the specific workplace.

The procedure of special evaluation of labor conditions provides:

  • identification of harmful and (or) hazardous factors of production environment and labor process;
  • measurements and assessment of hazard exposure level;
  • workplace classification (optimal, acceptable, harmful, dangerous);
  • use the results of industrial inspection for the purposes of assessment.
  1. identification of potential occupational hazard is carried out by matching the existing workplace factors to the classifier of harmful and (or) hazardous production factors;
  2. the identification is carried out by the expert of the body conducting special evaluation of labor conditions (ref. Explanatory note to clause 10 of the Federal Law);
  3. all identified occupational hazards are subject to tests and measurements;
  4. tests and measurements of the actual exposure level to hazard are carried out by the testing laboratory (center), experts and other employees of the organization conducting the evaluation of labor conditions.

The results of the evaluation of labor conditions are used for classification of working conditions in the workplaces. There are four classes of the hazard exposure - optimal, acceptable, harmful and dangerous.

The optimal labor conditions (class 1) are the conditions when there isn’t any harmful exposure or exposure level does not exceed the level established by the regulations (hygiene standards) for labor conditions and accepted as safe for human; there are evidence for maintaining a high level of employee performance.

Acceptable labor conditions (class 2) are the conditions when the harmful exposure to employee doesn’t exceed the level established by regulations (hygiene standards) for labor conditions; the functional state of employee organism recovers during regulated breaks or by the beginning of next working day (shift).

Harmful labor conditions (class 3) are the conditions when the harmful exposure level exceeds the level established by the regulations (hygiene standards) for labor conditions.

Hazardous working conditions (class 4) are the conditions when the employee is exposed to hazards; the exposure level during the working day (shift) or part of it can endanger the life of the employee; the effects of the exposure cause a high risk of acute occupational disease during the period of employment.

The above classification can be used for:

  • providing employees with personal protective equipment; equipping workplaces with collective protective equipment;
  • monitoring the labor conditions in the workplace;
  • organization of a health screening of employees (in cases, stipulated by the Russian legislation) including the mandatory pre-job (at the time of employment) and periodic (during employment) ones;
  • fixation of guarantees and compensations stipulated by the Labor Code of the Russian Federation;
  • fixation of an additional tariff of insurance fee to the Retirement Fund, taking into account the classification of the working conditions at the workplace;
  • calculation of discounts for the insurance rate of statutory industrial-accident and occupational-disease insurance;
  • consideration and settlement of disputes relating to the provision of safe working conditions between employees and the employer, and (or) their representatives;
  • determination of the sanitation and housekeeping support and medical care for employees, including the scope and conditions of their provision;
  • solution to the settlement of restrictions stipulated by labor legislation for certain categories of employees

For advice on the special evaluation of labor conditions - please contact us - 8-800-100-18-14 (call-free for all regions of Russia).

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